Friday, 31 March 2017

UN Security Council imposes sanctions on Libya

[On this date in 1992 the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 748. What follows is the text of the relevant Wikipedia article:]

UN Security Council Resolution 748, adopted unanimously on 31 March 1992, after reaffirming Resolution 731 (1992), the UN Security Council decided, under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, that the Government of Libya must now comply with requests from investigations relating to the destruction of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie and UTA Flight 772 over Chad and Niger, calling on Libya to cease all forms of terrorist action and assistance to terrorist groups. To this end, the Council imposed sanctions on Libya until Libya complied.
The resolution decided that, from 15 April 1992, all Member States should:
(a) deny permission of Libyan aircraft to take off from, land in or overfly their territory if it has taken off from Libyan territory, excluding humanitarian need;
(b) prohibit the supply of aircraft or aircraft components or the provision or servicing of aircraft or aircraft components;
(c) prohibit the provision of weapons, ammunition or other military equipment to Libya and technical advice or training;
(d) withdraw officials present in Libya that advise the Libyan authorities on military matters;
(e) significantly reduce diplomatic and consular personnel in Libya;
(f) prevent the operation of all Libyan Airlines offices;
(g) deny or expel Libyan nationals involved in terrorist activities in other states.
The Council called upon Member States to strictly observe the sanctions, and established a Committee of the Security Council that would seek information from Member States on how they are implementing the Resolution, ways to improve the effectiveness of the embargoes and consider any requests from states that experience problems as a result of the sanctions. It urged full co-operation from all States with the Committee, and decided that the Council should review the embargo every 120 days.
Resolution 748 was adopted by 10 votes to none against, with five abstentions from Cape Verde, China, India, Morocco and Zimbabwe. By passing the resolution under Chapter VII, Libya was bound by the provisions of the Council even if they were in conflict with the Montreal Convention.
Libya refused to comply with the current resolution or Resolution 731, and the Council responded by adopting more extensive measures in Resolution 883 (1993).


  1. Dossier Lockerbie, 2017:

    “OPERATION SANDWOOD” from SCOTTISH POLICE, can easily prove the fraud around the MST-13 Timer fragment by comparing the various fragment parts.
    The basis is the first original piece of evidence (PT35 black carbonized) fabricated from a prototype circuit board with 8 layers of fibreglass, allegedly found in Lockerbie.

    1) On 16 January 1990, forensic expert Allen Feraday discovered at the institute RARDE, a very small MST13 Timerfragment (PT35) which was hidden in a “SLALOM shirt”. The fragment (PT35) became the most important piece of evidence and experts testified that it was derived from a MST13 timer delivered to Libya (1985/86), which had activated the explosive charge (IED, improvised explosive device) on PanAm 103 over Lockerbie.

    2) The black carbonized MST13 timer fragment (PT35), was shown for the first time as of January 16, 1990 – in a red circle - (on photo no. 329). This complete fragment should be presented as original, for a possible computed tomography.

    3) Unfortunately this is no longer possible in the original form, since the piece of evidence (PT35), on April 27, 1990, on order of Insp. William Williamson (Scottish Police), at company Siemens AG, in Munich (Germany), was sawed into two parts - large part, No. 353 = (PT35/a) and small part, No. 419 = (DP31/a) (Siemens photo).
    A second (PT35) proof, now a "green colored" MST13 timer fragment, (Fake Duplicate) fabricated from 9 layers of fibreglass. (At this time not yet sawed in two parts).

    4) SIO Chief Stuart Henderson (Police of Scotland) together with forensic expert Dr. Hayes / Allen Feraday, Insp. William Williamson and officer Mr. MacLean – handed it over, - on 15th June 1990, to the FBI Laboratory in Washington a green MST13 Timerfragment (PT35) not black carbonized - for a forensic comparison with the so called "TOGO" / MST13 timer (K'1)!See the full FBI report no. 262-23, from 20 August 1990:…/…/fbi-investigation-of-mst-13/

    5) The comparison of this green Fake Duplicate (PT35) with an MST-13 timer (TOGO timer "K'1" made the convincing fatal link to the MST-13 Timers, delivered by Mebo, to Libya.

    6) Only with a green colored DUPLICATE fragment of an MST13 Timer "Circuit Board", (PT35) fabricated from 9 layers of fibreglass, the "desired" origin - by comparison with a CIA owned, previously delivered to Libya, TOGO "timer (K'1) – it was possible to prove the Libyan connection. The comparison with the original fragment (see photo 329) would not have shown the same examination results, as it was derived from a handmade MST-13 prototype...

    7) Obviously a green DUPLICATE, MST13 Timerfragment (PT35) had been prepared, for Edwin Bollier's review on 16./17.Sept.1999, in the "Lockerbie Trail Team in Dumfries" (with Procurator Mirian Watson). It was sawed into two parts. However, the larger green portion, now marked as (PT35/b), was sealed in a glass container.
    end of first part >>>

  2. 2nd part >>>:

    8) The second, green part (DP31/b) is still missing today!!!
    In a second sealed glass container, the small black carbonized, original fragment (DP31/a) was stored. Thus, the "Patchwork" fragment consisted of the two different fragment pieces of the larger piece, "green colored" (PT35/b) and the smaller piece "black carbonized" (DP31/a).

    9) What was the reason for this deception manoeuvre, with at least two different MST-13 timer fragments? Fraud of evidence?

    10) Therefore, “OPERATION SANDWOOD”, must demand from the Scottish Justice, the following pieces of evidence for a new computed tomography examination:
    1 piece, black carbonized MST13 part (Siemens) (PT35/a);
    1 piece, black carbonized part (Siemens) (DP31/a);
    1 piece, green colored MST13 fragment (PT35) (FBI Laboratory
    1 piece, green colored MST13 part (PT35/b) Dumfries Trail Team
    1 piece, green colored part (DP31/a) Dumfries Trail Team investigation;

    11) Assistant Chief Constable Kate Thomson, in Scotland, must be called as a crucial witness in the new Lockerbie PanAm 103, investigation by "Operation Sandwood"! She was nominated - at the time - to witness the colours of the fragments, as seen by Edwin Bollier. Her testimony could be important with regard of punishable offences. In this context it is important that the log books of the two procurators, Mirian Watson and David Harvie, Chairman at Edwin Bollier's MST-13 timer fragment examination (PT-35/b) and (DP-31/a) in Dumfries, between 15 to 17 September 1999, are reviewed by “Operation Sandwood”, and compared with the statement of Assistant Chief Constable Kate Thomson.
    The results of the comparison of the fragments, will play a key role in the investigation process and could well help to identify, who acted illegally and gave false statements under oath at the court, which finally lad to a wrong verdict against Libya and Al Megrahi.

    by Edwin Bollier, MEBO Ltd., Telecommunication Switzerland. Webpage: